Chapter 3: Applications of Differentiation
Section 3.6: Related Rates
Sand pouring from a hopper at a steady rate forms a conical pile whose height is observed to remain twice the radius of the base of the cone. When the height of the pile is observed to be 20 ft, the radius of the base of the pile appears to be increasing at the rate of a foot every two minutes. How fast is the sand pouring from the hopper?
Figure 3.6.3(a) contains a cross section of the sand pile, taken through its axis. The analysis to the left of the figure distills the information that is given and clarifies what is to be found.
r.=1/2 when ht=20,
i.e., when rt=10
Figure 3.6.3(a) Cross section of sand pile
Write the volume in terms of rt.
Press the Enter key.
Context Panel: Differentiate≻With Respect To≻t
π3 r2t⋅2 rt
→differentiate w.r.t. t
Expression palette: Evaluation template
Make the following replacements:
Context Panel: Evaluate and Display Inline
x=a|f(x)r.t=1/2,rt=10 = 100⁢π
The answer, 100 π, is in cubic feet per minute.
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